Quebec Population

Quebec Populationquebec-population

According to the estimates made using population census data and population growth information, the population of Quebec as of the year 2013 is 8,028,400.

Quebec’s population of 8,028,400 makes up approximately 23.6% of the Canadian national population. Due to the 4.7% population growth Quebec has seen over the past years, Quebec is the second most populated province in Canada. Ontario is the most populated province with 13.5 million people and British Columbia with 4.6 million inhabitants is the next most populated province after Quebec.

Quebec is unique in that it’s inhabitants predominantly speak the French language and Fresh is the province’s sole official language.


Quebec Land Area

While the territory of Nunavut is Canada’s largest territory. Quebec is Canada’s largest province by land mass at 1,356,128 km^2 or 527,079 mi^2 or 335,210,069 acre. Quebec makes up approximately 15.4% of Canada’s entire area and has a water area of 176,928 km^2 or 68,312 mi^2 or 43,719,860 acres.



Quebec Borders

Quebec is bordered to the west by land by Ontario and shares maritime borders with the territory of Nunavut and the provinces of Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia. Quebec is also bordered by the following US States: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York.


quebec-largest-city-montrealQuebec’s Largest City

Quebec’s largest city is Montreal which has a population of 3,824,221. The next largest city in province of Quebec is Quebec City which only has a population of 765,706. Montreal was originally called the City of Mary and is Quebec’s financial, industrial, technical, cultural, and commercial hub. As Canada’s Cultural Capital, Montreal leads the country in cultural efforts in the classical arts while hosting cultural and social festivities. Montreal’s hockey team, the Montreal Canadiens, has won 24 Stanley Cup Championships, the most of any NHL team.


Quebec Federal Representation

Quebec holds 75 of the 308 House of Commons seats making up 24.4% of the total.

Quebec holds 24 of the 105 Senate Seats making up 22.9% of the total.


Quebec Demographics

Ethnic Origins

  • Canadian – pop. 4,474,115 (60.1%)
  • French – pop. 2,151,655 (28.9%)
  • Irish – pop. 406,085 (5.5%)
  • Italian – pop. 299,655 (4%)
  • English – pop. 245,155 (3.3%)
  • North American Indian – pop. 219,815 (3%)
  • Scottish – pop. 202,515 (2.7%)
  • Québécois – pop. 140,075 (1.9%)
  • German – pop. 131,795 (1.8%)

quebec-population-economy-miningQuebec Economic Statistics

Quebec’s economy makes up approximately 20% of the total gross domestic product of Canada at $320 billion making it the second largest contributor to Canada’s total gross domestic product.  The economy has primarily been driven by it’s abundance of natural resources making it a popular destination in the mining sector. Recently Quebec has been shifting towards the services and knowledge sectors focusing more on technology and the sciences.


Quebec Historical Population Statistics

Year Population
1851 892,061
1861 1,111,566
1871 1,191,516
1881 1,359,027
1891 1,488,535
1901 1,648,898
1911 2,005,776
1921 2,360,665
1931 2,874,255
1941 3,331,882
1951 4,055,681
1956 4,628,378
1961 5,259,211
1966 5,780,845
1971 6,027,765
1976 6,234,445
1981 6,438,403
1986 6,532,460
1991 6,895,963
1996 7,138,795
2001 7,237,479
2006 7,546,131
2011 7,903,001

Interactive Canadian Province Population Map


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Check out more information about British Columbia Population

Ontario Population

ontario-populationOntario Population

Based on the estimates made using population census data and historical population growth statistics, the population of Ontario as of the year 2013 is 13,472,400.

Ontario’s population of 13,472,400 makes up approximately 38.4% of Canada’s total national population. Due to the 5.7% population growth Ontario has experienced over the past years due to economic prosperity, Ontario is the number one most populated province in Canada. Quebec is the next most populated province in Canada with 8 million people and British Columbia is the 3rd most populated with 4.6 million inhabitants within it’s borders.

Ontario is unique in that it’s inhabitants predominantly live along the southern border aligned with the United States.  The northern area of the province of Ontario has a much lower population density.


Ontario Land Area

While Ontario is the most populated province in Canada, Ontario is not Canada’s largest province by land mass.  It is in fact the forth largest at 908,607 km^2 or 350,815 mi^2 or 224,521,679 acres. Ontario has a water area of 158,654 km^2 or 61,256 mi^2 or 39,204,257 acres.


Ontario Borders

Ontario is bordered to the west by Manitoba and to the east by Quebec. Ontario is also bordered by the following US States: Minnesota, Michigan, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.



Ontario’s Largest City

Ontario’s largest city is Toronto which has a population of 2,615,060 making it the fifth largest city in North America by population. The next largest city in province of Ontario is Ottawa which only has a population of 883,391. With about 50% of the population being born outside of Canada, Toronto is one of the most diverse communities in the world.


Ontario Federal Representation

Ontario holds 106 of the 308 House of Commons seats making up 34.4% of the total.

Ontario holds 24 of the 105 Senate Seats making up 22.9% of the total.


Ontario Religious Demographics

Religious Affiliations

  • Protestant – pop. 3935745 (34.9%)
  • Catholic – pop. 3911760 (34.7%)
  • No Religion – pop. 1841290 (16.3%)
  • Muslim – pop. 352530 (3.1%)
  • Other Christians – pop. 301935 (2.7%)
  • Christian Orthodox – pop. 264055 (2.3%)
  • Hindu – pop. 217555 (1.9%)
  • Jewish – pop. 190795 (1.7%)
  • Buddhist – pop. 128320 (1.1%)
  • Sikh – pop. 104785 (0.9%)
  • Eastern religions – pop. 17780 (0.2%)
  • Other Religions – pop. 18985 (0.2%)

Ontario Ethnic Demographics

Ethnic Origins

  • England – (15.9%)
  • Canada – (12.8%)
  • Scotland – (11.1%)
  • China – (10.6%)
  • Irish – (10.5%)
  • India – (9.6%)
  • Italy – (9.2%)
  • Germany – (5.1%)
  • France – (4.8%)
  • Poland – (4.1%)
  • Portugal – (3.7%)
  • Philippines – (3.6%)
  • Jamaica – (3.2%)

Ontario Economic Statistics

Ontario’s manufacturing power makes up approximately 52% of the total Canadian manufacturing shipments. Ontario’s economic gross domestic product makes up 37% of the domestic product of Canada at $654 billion making it the largest contributor to Canada’s total gross domestic product. The economy is primarily been driven by it’s manufacturing and energy production. Ontario actually supplies 39% of it’s own energy consumption through hydroelectric energy derived from it’s own rivers. It’s geographic features, including direct transportation routes to the United States and control of access for container ships from the Ocean to the Great Lakes, makes Ontario a prime location for manufacturing. The main products of Ontario are paper, machinery, chemicals, electrical appliances, food, steel, iron, and vehicles.


Ontario Historical Population Statistics

Year Population
1851 952,004
1861 1,396,091
1871 1,620,851
1881 1,926,922
1891 2,114,321
1901 2,182,947
1911 2,527,292
1921 2,933,662
1931 3,431,683
1941 3,787,655
1951 4,597,542
1956 5,404,933
1961 6,236,092
1966 6,960,870
1971 7,703,105
1976 8,264,465
1981 8,625,107
1986 9,101,695
1991 10,084,885
1996 10,753,573
2001 11,410,046
2006 12,160,282
2011 13,472,400

Interactive Canadian Province Population Map


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Learn about Newfoundland and Labrador Population

Alberta Population

alberta-populationAlberta Population

According to calculations made using historical population census data and statistical population growth rates, the population of Alberta as of the year 2013 is 3,847,100.

Alberta’s population of 3,847,100 makes up approximately 10.9% of the Canadian national population. With a 10.8% population growth rate Alberta has seen over the past years, Alberta has one of the highest growth rates and is the forth most populated province in Canada. Ontario is the most populated province with 13.5 million people and Manitoba trails behind Alberta with 1.2 million inhabitants.

Alberta is well known for it’s main tourist destinations including Banff, Canmore, Drumheller, Jasper and Sylvan Lake.


Alberta Land Area

Alberta ranks 6th in total area among all Canadian provinces and territories. Alberta has a land mass of 640,081 km^2 or 247,137 mi^2 or 158,167,460 acres. Alberta makes up approximately 6.6% of Canada’s entire area and has a water area of 19,531 km^2 or 7,541 mi^2 or 4,826,215 acres.



Alberta Borders

Alberta is a landlocked province on the western side of Canada and is bordered to the west by British Columbia, to the north by the Northwest Territories, and is bordered to the east by Saskatchewan. Alberta is also among the 3 provinces that bordered by only a single US State (Montana).


Alberta’s Largest City

Alberta’s largest city is Calgary which has a population of 1,214,839. The next largest city in the province of Alberta is Edmonton which is close behind with a population of 1,159,869. Calgary is highlighted by it’s central location as a prime aircraft hub for the nation of Canada.  Calgary’s international airport is the third most used.


Alberta Federal Representation

Alberta holds 28 of the 308 House of Commons seats making up 9.1% of the total.

Alberta holds 6 of the 105 Senate Seats making up 5.7% of the total.


Alberta Religious Demographics

Religious Affiliations

  • Protestant – pop. 1145455 (38.95%)
  • Catholic – pop. 784855 (26.69%)
  • No Religion – pop. 694840 (23.62%)
  • Other Christian – pop. 123145 (4.19%)
  • Muslim – pop. 49045 (1.67%)
  • Orthodox – pop. 45985 (1.56%)
  • Buddhist – pop. 33415 (1.14%)
  • Sikh – pop. 23470 (0.8%)
  • Hindu – pop. 15970 (0.54%)
  • Jewish – pop. 11090 (0.38%)
  • Aboriginal spirituality – pop. 5860 (0.2%)
  • Other Eastern Religions – pop. 3330 (0.11%)
  • Pagan – pop. 3035 (0.1%)

Alberta Ethnic Demographics

Ethnic Origins

  • English – pop. 885,825 (27.2%)
  • German – pop. 679,705 (20.9%)
  • Canadian – pop. 667,405 (20.5%)
  • Scottish – pop. 661,265 (20.3%)
  • Irish – pop. 539,160 (16.6%)
  • French – pop. 332,675 (11.31%)
  • Ukrainian – pop. 332,180 (10.2%)
  • Dutch – pop. 172,910 (5.3%)
  • Polish – pop. 170,935 (5.2%)
  • First Nations – pop. 169,355 (5.2%)
  • Norwegian – pop. 144,585 (4.4%)
  • Chinese – pop. 137,600 (4.2%)
  • Swedish – pop. 93,810 (2.9%)
  • Russian – pop. 92,020 (2.8%)
  • Indian – pop. 88,165 (2.7%)
  • Métis – pop. 83,235 (2.6%)
  • Italian – pop. 82,015 (2.5%)
  • Welsh – pop. 76,115 (2.3%)

Alberta Economic Statistics

Alberta’s economy makes up approximately 20% of the total gross domestic product of Canada at $320 billion making it the second largest contributor to Canada’s total gross domestic product. The economy has primarily been driven by it’s abundance of natural resources making it a popular destination in the mining sector. Recently Alberta has been shifting towards the services and knowledge sectors focusing more on technology and the sciences.


Alberta Historical Population Statistics

Year Population
1901 73,022
1911 374,295
1921 588,454
1931 731,605
1941 796,169
1951 939,501
1956 1,123,116
1961 1,331,944
1966 1,463,203
1971 1,627,875
1976 1,838,035
1981 2,237,724
1986 2,365,830
1991 2,545,553
1996 2,696,826
2001 2,974,807
2006 3,290,350
2011 3,645,257

Interactive Canadian Province Population Map

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To learn more about the population of Alberta, click here.

Learn more about the Ontario Population

Yukon Population

yukon-populationYukon Population

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Interactive Canadian Province Population Map

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Saskatchewan Population

saskatchewan-populationSaskatchewan Population

According to a July 2012 estimate, the population of Saskatchewan is 1,079,958.

Currently, Saskatchewan’s population makes up approximately 3.1% of the Canadian national population.  With a 6.7% population growth, Saskatchewan is the sixth most populated Canadian province, after Ontario (1), Quebec (2), British Columbia (3), Alberta (4), and Manitoba (5).


Saskatchewan Land Area

The land area is 591,670 km^2, or 228,445 mi^2, making Saskatchewan the seventh largest province by land mass, after Nunavut, Quebec, Northwest Territories, Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta.

Saskatchewan makes up approximately 6.5% of Canada’s entire area and has a water area of 59,366 km^2, or 22,921 mi^2.



Saskatchewan Borders

West of Saskatchewan is Alberta province, while east is Manitoba province.  North of Saskatchewan is the Northwest Territories, while the north-east is Nunavut.  The southern border of Saskatchewan are the U.S. States Montana and North Dakota.

Saskatchewan is part of the Western Provinces.  Saskatchewan is one of two Canadian provinces that are land-locked.  In addition, Saskatchewan is the only Canadian province in which its borders do not correspond to physical geographic features.  Rather, Saskatchewan’s borders are all based on geographic coordinates of longitude and latitude.  The province is shaped like a quadrilateral.  However, because of its size, on a map, the 49th latitude boundary and the 60th northern border appear curved instead of straight.  The eastern boundary of Saskatchewan is partially crooked rather than straight because the surveyors and homestead program corrected it from 1880-1928.


saskatchewan-capital-reginaSaskatchewan Capital

The capital of Saskatchewan is Regina, with a population of 193,100.  The city is 2nd largest in Saskatchewan and is a cultural and commercial center.  Regina’s most famous attraction is the Provincial Legislative Building, followed by the University of Regina, the Provincial Museum of Natural History, the Regina College Conservatory, the Saskatchewan Science Centre, and the Saskatchewan Centre of the Arts.

Saskatoon, located on the South Saskatchewan River, is the biggest city in Saskatchewan.  One of the main attractions is Meewasin Valley Trail.  Saskatoon has countless famous shopping malls, universities, and hospitals.  Those who live in Saskatoon call themselves “Saskatonians.”


Saskatchewan Federal Representation

Saskatchewan holds 14 of the 308 House of Commons seats, thus making up 4.5% of the total percentage.

Saskatchewan holds 6 of the 105 Senate Seats making up 5.7% of the total.


Saskatchewan Economic Statistics

Saskatchewan’s economy used to be more agriculturally-based; however, an increase in diversity has resulted in agriculture, and forestry making up 6.8% of Saskatchewan’s GDP.  Now, finance (17.1%), mining/petroleum (13%), and education, health, and social services (11.9%) are the top three economic sectors of Saskatchewan.

Wheat is the most common crop in Saskatchewan; it is even depicted on Saskatchewan’s coat of arms.  However, in general, a wide range of grains are grown in Saskatchewan, including rye, barley, flax, and canola.  Beef cattle industry in Saskatchewan is 2nd to Alberta, as well as oil and natural gas production.  Saskatchewan is the world’s largest exporter of potash and uranium.

Saskatchewan’s GDP in 2006 was approximately $45.9 billion.


Interactive Canadian Province Population Map


Saskatchewan Historical Population Statistics

Year Population
1901 91,279
1911 492,432
1921 757,510
1931 921,785
1941 895,992
1951 831,728
1961 925,181
1971 926,242
1981 968,313
1991 988,928
1996 976,615
2001 978,933
2006 985,386
2011 1,053,960

Other Resources

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Learn more about Manitoba Population